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All Publications

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Designing a Responsible Universal Learning and Employment Record Ecosystem

In today's rapidly transforming economy, finding qualified employees with necessary skills and credentials has become a major challenge for many organizations. The Covid-19 pandemic has only exacerbated the labor shortage problem, putting pressure on organizations to upskill their existing workforces, while individuals are seeking non-traditional venues to gain new skills and training to secure high-paying jobs. However, a major hurdle in accomplishing these goals is the antiquated ways in which educational institutions and employers provide records for education, training, and employment. What is needed is a universal Learning and Employment Record (LER) ecosystem that is distributed, interoperable, and open, allowing individuals to collect, store, own, and share self-verifying credentials that are issued and accepted by participating organizations. This requires platforms to provide privacy protection, verifiability, data portability, and scalability at the same time.

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Why the U.S. Should Reject Central Bank Digital Currencies

Central banks across the world are exploring the possibility of developing their own digital currencies, known as CBDCs. In this groundbreaking whitepaper, the authors make the most comprehensive argument against CBDCs to date. Their message in brief? CBDCs will erode the distinction between America and authoritarianism.

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Blockchain for Education: A New Credentialing Ecosystem

How might digital technology, and notably smart technologies based on artificial intelligence (AI), learning analytics, robotics, and others transform education? This book explores such a question. It focuses on how smart technologies are changing education in the classroom as well as the management of educational organizations and systems. ​


Chapter 11, "Blockchain for Education: A New Credentialing Ecosystem", provides an overview of blockchain technology and spotlights its use in education to create portable, interoperable, user-controlled digital credentials.

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Academic Credentials in an Era of Digital Decentralization

Increasingly, the credential has emerged as a transnational, interdisciplinary signal of capability and skill in an environment where other characteristics—language, nationality, religious identity—cannot be presupposed. The essays in this volume give an account for the social functions served by the achievement, trust, and credentialing technologies that Learning Machine is producing. They ask what capability means and what credentials do in the social collectives that find them significant. Finally, they highlight the importance of individual self-determination under informational and organizational conditions in which issues of data invasiveness and control are central, if often technologically hidden, to the social fluidity that characterizes our time.

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Congress Moves To Broaden President’s Emergency Powers, Re-Introduce Internet Export Controls

Regulator Shutdown Of Signature, SVB And Silvergate Banks Raises Questions About Neutrality


It Is Time to Re-Found the American Republic


The Dangerous Implications of Central Bank Digital Currencies

A Central Bank Digital Currency? The U.S. Should Reject It


A New Bretton Woods Is Happening Far from Davos


In the War of Ideas, Bitcoin Is Our Strongest Weapon


Now Is the Time to Think about Value


After the Petrodollar: Bitcoin and the Coming Monetary Reset

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The Original Technologies of Trust

The Evolution of Trust in a Digital Economy

Identity and Digital Self-Sovereignty

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